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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221443 Find in a Library
Title: When Does the Gender Difference in Rumination Begin? Gender and Age Differences in the Use of Rumination by Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:37  Issue:2  Dated:February 2008  Pages:180-192
Author(s): Paul E. Jose; Isobel Brown
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study determined the age at which girls began to report higher "rumination" ("repetitive and passive thinking about one's symptoms of depression and the possible causes and consequences of these symptoms") than boys, as well as how stress, rumination, and depression were related to each other in samples of early adolescent boys and girls.
Abstract: The study found that at 12 years old a gender difference in rumination was observed; and 1 year later, gender differences in stress and depression were noted. These results confirm the study's hypothesis and lend support to the view that early adolescence is a critical time for female adolescents, in that depression and other socio-emotional indexes begin to differ from those of male peers. Nolen-Hoeksema and Girgus (1994) predicted that a gender difference in rumination should precede a gender difference in depression. The cross-sectional findings of the current study apparently support this prediction; however, longitudinal data must be collected in order to verify that increases in rumination precede increases in depression for individuals over time. The current study also predicted that the use of rumination would increase in a linear fashion for females until they were 17 years old, and this hypothesis was largely supported. Male participants were expected to report consistently low levels of rumination use between the ages of 10 and 17, and this hypothesis was also largely supported. The study used a cross-sectional, nonclinical sample of 1,218 adolescents (ages 10-17), who completed measures of stress, rumination, and depression. The sample was composed of 473 boys and 745 girls. 3 figures, 3 tables, and 63 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile mental health services
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Age group comparisons; Emotional disorders; Gender issues
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