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NCJ Number: 221446 Find in a Library
Title: School Adjustment in Rural and Urban Communities: Do Students from "Timbuktu" Differ from Their "City Slicker" Peers?
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:37  Issue:2  Dated:February 2008  Pages:225-238
Author(s): Linda R. Stanley; Maria Leonora G. Comello; Ruth W. Edwards; Beverly S. Marquart
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA09349;P50 DA07074
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether living in a rural area was related to school adjustment and other school-related variables, using data from 167,738 7th-12th-graders in a national sample of 185 predominantly White communities.
Abstract: The findings indicated that living in a rural area did not directly influence school adjustment and school-related covariates. The most striking differences between rural communities and small urban communities in the sample were income level and parental educational level, which were significantly lower in remote and medium-rural areas. School and nonschool activities and free/reduced lunch rates were significantly less in small urban communities. Being female was most strongly associated with the perception of greater caring by teachers, peer school liking, and peer school performance, as well as more participation in school and nonschool activities. Income level and parental education were positively associated with all school-related covariates. There was a decrease in the perception of caring teachers from the seventh through the ninth grades; however, involvement in school activities steadily increased with grade level. Students were administered the Community Drug and Alcohol Survey, a 99-item survey that asks a variety of questions related to substance use, school adjustment, relationships with family and peers, and other individual risk factors for substance use. Surveys were conducted between 1996 and 2000. 5 tables and 80 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile educational services
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Rural area studies; Rural urban comparisons; School maladjustment; Schools
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