skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 221457 Find in a Library
Title: Cold-Weather Training Issues
Journal: The Police Chief  Volume:74  Issue:12  Dated:December 2007  Pages:108-111
Author(s): Brian R. Johnson; Greg L. Warchol
Date Published: December 2007
Page Count: 4
Document: HTML
Publisher: http://www.theiacp.org/ 
Type: Technical Assistance
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explains how cold-weather firearms training, which is essential to the realistic training required by the courts, can be conducted in a safe and productive manner, providing police officers with information and skills needed for cold-weather shooting.
Abstract: The key to cold-weather firearms training is to ensure range safety and participants' heat balance. Training should be scheduled later in the cold-weather season, because officers may be adjusted to and more tolerant of time spent in the cold. Training should be in shorter time blocks than are used in warm-weather training; for example, training staff should consider having two blocks of 2 hours each, scheduled on different days. In order to prevent falls, the surface of the range should be kept as dry as possible. Cold-weather training also requires additional equipment and supplies. In addition to plans for snow removal by public works and/or the use of shovels and de-icers, the training staff should provide some type of shelter and a heat source. Staff should monitor the weather forecast and be given the authority to cancel the training session if it should become too cold. Training staff should provide high-carbohydrate snacks to build energy, since more energy is burned to keep warm in cold weather; and beverages should be available to prevent dehydration. It is critical for officer safety that training staff watch trainees for signs of hypothermia. This occurs when the body's core temperature drops below 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Early warning signs are numbness in the hands, involuntary shivering, loss of fine motor skills, slurred speech, and irrational behaviors. Suggestions for preventing hypothermia include the providing of adequate shelter, using a training agenda that includes physical activity, and increasing the number of breaks/rotations. The article also discusses the features of protective gear and clothing, as well as the creation of a tactical threat environment critical to success in cold-weather environments. Many of these deal with the loss of motor skills due to the cold and the wearing of protective clothing. 7 notes
Main Term(s): Police firearm training
Index Term(s): Cold weather policing; Police instructor training; Police training facilities; Police training innovations; Police training management; Police training programs; Police training resources
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=243329

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.