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NCJ Number: 221464 Find in a Library
Title: Multilevel Impacts of Perceived Incivilities and Perceptions of Crime Risk on Fear of Crime: Isolating Endogenous Impacts
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:45  Issue:1  Dated:February 2008  Pages:39-64
Author(s): Brian R. Wyant
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 26
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effects of perceived incivilities and perception of crime risk on fear in a multilevel model.
Abstract: Results reveal that incivilities were predictive of fear at the individual level and suggest neighborhood differences in incivilities’ link to neighborhood fear through shared, neighborhood-level views about crime risk. In summary, at the individual level, incivilities predicted fear, and the impact was not completely mediated through perception of crime risk. At the neighborhood level, shared views of incivilities influenced fear, but not once shared views of crime risk were added. The results confirm that perceptions of crime risk are an important determinant of fear of crime, but that does not make perceived incivilities irrelevant. Although there has been extensive research on the sources of fear in urban neighborhoods, there are important questions about contributing factors to fear not yet addressed. To fill this gap, the study examined the effects of perceived incivilities and perceptions of crime risk on fear in a multilevel model. Forty-five Philadelphia neighborhoods were surveyed in an attempt to answer 2 questions: (1) do multilevel impacts of incivilities persist after simultaneously controlling for sociodemographic variables, perceptions of crime risk, neighborhood fabric, and violent crime and (2) is neighborhood fear spatially lagged? Tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Fear of crime
Index Term(s): Dangerousness; Environmental influences; Home environment; Public Opinion of Crime; Reactions to crime
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