skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 221503 Find in a Library
Title: Shopping Malls: Are They Prepared To Prevent and Respond to Attack?
Journal: NIJ Journal  Issue:259  Dated:March 2008  Pages:14-17
Series: NIJ Journal
Author(s): Robert C. Davis
Date Published: March 2008
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1017
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on an assessment of the state of private security in U.S. shopping malls in the post-9/11 world.
Abstract: The assessment found significant vulnerabilities in the emergency preparedness of malls. Researchers determined that malls have spent very little to upgrade their security since 9/11. Also, the training of mall security staff in preventing and responding to attacks in and against the mall is inadequate. Further, hiring standards for prospective security officers have not significantly changed since 9/11. In addition, risk assessments are rare, and emergency management plans are often developed without the input or participation of public-safety first responders. State homeland security officials, local police, local government officials, and mall owners and tenants must cooperate in developing and implementing cost-effective security plans for shopping malls. This article offers seven recommendations designed to increase mall security by means of risk assessment, the creation of emergency plans, and conducting drills. In conducting this nationwide assessment of mall security, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security distributed a written survey to homeland security advisors in the 50 States and Puerto Rico, asking them to characterize the level of preparedness of large malls in their States; 33 responded. Written surveys were also sent to 1,371 security directors of the Nation's largest indoor retail malls; only 120 completed surveys were returned (9-percent response rate). Researchers analyzed State laws that regulate the hiring and training of private security workers in the 50 States and the District of Columbia, in order to determine whether such laws had been changed since 9/11. In addition, researchers visited eight malls across the United State and two malls in Israel. 3 notes
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Business security; Interagency cooperation; NIJ grant-related documents; Police-private police cooperation; Private police; Private security officer training; Retail business security; Security management; Security surveys; Security systems
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.