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NCJ Number: 221536 Find in a Library
Title: South Africa: An Opportunistic Narcoscape for International Drug Trading
Journal: Acta Criminologica  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:2007  Pages:123-143
Author(s): D. Singh; M. van Zyl
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 21
Document: PDF
Publisher: http://www.journals.co.za/crim/acta/index.html 
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: South Africa
Annotation: This paper examines the features of South Africa's environment (political, economic, geographic, social, and individual) that have facilitated its becoming a major supplier, user, and router for international drug trading.
Abstract: The geographic location of South Africa places it between Asia, the Americas, and Europe, whose countries are heavily involved in supplying and/or using illegal drugs. In addition to its strategic geographic location, South Africa has porous borders, an impoverished citizenry, an under-resourced criminal justice system, and corruption patterns that undermine responsible and competent government. Local and international drug syndicates thrive in such an environment. The best that can be hoped is that people of good will, both inside and outside government and public service, can treat the symptoms of the problem. Given the nature of the international drug trade and the factors that fuel its activities in South Africa, it is clear that South African law enforcement is not capable of countering the problem independently. What is needed is a sharing of information and resources and cooperation among countries who share the problem and a commitment to mitigating it. In this regard, the South African International Cooperation in Criminal Matters Act, 1996, would be useful if properly implemented. It specifically facilitates international mutual legal assistance between countries by developing the framework for procedures to be followed when South Africa needs the assistance of a foreign law enforcement authority for the purpose of an investigation and vice versa. In another domain, the Drugs Act and Prevention of Organized Crime Act can facilitate the identification of major players in the drug trade for prosecution and the forfeiture of their crime proceeds. Making it extremely risky for them to operate in South Africa may induce them to take their business elsewhere. 27 notes
Main Term(s): Drug smuggling
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Crime causes theory; Crime in foreign countries; Drug abuse in foreign countries; Drug use; Foreign laws; Geographic distribution of crime; International cooperation; Police corruption; Police corruption causes; Transnational Crime; Transnational Organized Crime
Note: Downloaded February 13, 2008; to access the full text PDF: 1) select the provided link; 2) from the Acta Criminologica Web site, select "Table of Contents"; 3) select the corresponding Volume and Issue (see the NCJRS abstract record for the exact Volume and Issue); 4) scroll the Table of Contents to the exact article; and 5) click on the "full text" icon
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=243417

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