skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 221573 Find in a Library
Title: Routes of Recruitment: Pimps' Techniques and Other Circumstances That Lead to Street Prostitution
Journal: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma  Volume:15  Issue:2  Dated:2007  Pages:1-19
Author(s): M. Alexis Kennedy; Caroline Klein; Jessica T.K. Bristowe; Barry S. Cooper; John C. Yuille
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined techniques used by pimps to recruit women and children into prostitution.
Abstract: The findings revealed the main techniques that pimp’s used to recruit children and women into the trade, included the pretense of love, threats of indebtedness, drug addiction, manipulation, and violence. Sixteen percent of the prostituted women described being turned out by a boyfriend or a pimp to which they had an emotional attachment. Even after experiencing exploitation and violence, the women continued to feel emotional attachments to the pimp, demonstrating a form of traumatic bonding similar to that seen in battered women. A second technique used by pimps was to shower new women with gifts under the guise that the gifts were free. After a period of time, the women were told that they had accumulated a large debt, and must pay off that debt. Some pimps used other women that they were prostituting to befriend the women and shower them with wealth; 19 percent of the prostituted women reported being turned out by a female friend. Still other pimps relied on brute force to put new women on the street, ranging from threats to beatings to straight-out kidnapping. While pimps were responsible for introducing many women into the sex trade, many other factors also led women to the streets, including: drug addiction (16 percent), economic necessity (12 percent), socialization and normalization of the sex trade, coming from an abusive home, and leaving another form of prostitution. Over 96 percent of the women reported being sexually assaulted prior to entering the sex trade, over 18 percent claimed to have freely chosen the work, and over 12 percent reported being forced to work on the streets by their family members. Information was collected in Vancouver, during interviews with formerly prostituted women, parents of prostituted women, VICE police officers, outreach workers, health nurses, and other social service providers. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Prostitution
Index Term(s): Abused women; Behavior patterns; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Canada; Emotional Abuse/Harm; Individual behavior; Problem behavior; Risk taking behavior; Sexual behavior; Social psychology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.