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NCJ Number: 221578 Find in a Library
Title: Challenges Facing the Initiation Schools: The Case of Nelson Mandela Metropole in the Eastern Cape
Journal: Acta Criminologica  Volume:20  Issue:4  Dated:2007  Pages:55-60
Author(s): D. L. Bogopa
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 6
Document: PDF
Publisher: http://www.journals.co.za/crim/acta/index.html 
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: South Africa
Annotation: The focus of this paper is the exploration of some of the problems related to the old practice of initiation (traditional rites of passage) for boys in African initiation schools in which criminal activities seem to have taken the center stage.
Abstract: In many parts of the African continent, male circumcision practices are associated with culture and religion and are regarded as a rite of passage. Therefore, communities continue to send boys to initiation schools, as they are taught various cultural practices, such as how to hunt, and all about discipline, respect, and other important issues. The initiates spend most of their time at the lodge, where they are taught the delicate movement and steps of an ancient initiation dance and how to decorate their bodies using clay. The debate around the abolishment of initiation schools is pointless and almost certainly out of the question largely because there is nothing wrong with the principles related to the practice. What should receive attention is the introduction of strict measures to prevent the commercialization of the practice, and the eradication of the criminal elements that are often found in initiation schools. Initiation of boys is central to many cultures in Africa. In the past, the initiation of boys was carried out without major problems. However, recently boys have sustained injuries and some have even lost their lives during the initiation ceremonies. The focus of this paper is to uncover the existence and scope of the main problem (i.e. deaths among initiates), in many parts of South Africa, particularly in the Eastern Cape Province. Solutions for and regulations with regard to the problem are explored, and education as it presents within the context of initiation schools is explored. The research methodology employed includes personal interviews, as well as information from workshops attended by surgeons, guardians, traditional leaders, parents, town councilors, and medical practitioners. Bibliography
Main Term(s): Ritualistic crimes; South Africa
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Cultural influences; Religion; Religiously motivated violence
Note: To access the full text PDF: 1) select the provided link; 2) from the Acta Criminologica Web site, select "Table of Contents"; 3) select the corresponding Volume and Issue (see the NCJRS abstract record for the exact Volume and Issue); 4) scroll the Table of Contents to the exact article; and 5) click on the "full text" icon Downloaded on February 14, 2008.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=243459

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