skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 221626 Find in a Library
Title: American Indian Executions in Historical Context
Journal: Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society  Volume:20  Issue:4  Dated:December 2007  Pages:315-373
Author(s): David V. Baker
Date Published: December 2007
Page Count: 59
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study presents a descriptive profile of American Indian executions within a historical-contextual framework of the American Indian experience in U.S. society.
Abstract: Results indicate that death penalty jurisdictions have exposed American Indians to lethal sanctioning when Indians challenged U.S. Government policies in campaigns to annihilate tribal people through deliberate contact with virulent diseases and violent military conquest, and the forceful removal and relocation from sacred tribal territories to inhospitable reservations. After more than 500 years of massacres, forced relocation of tribes, attempts to wipe out Indian languages and cultures, ethnic cleansing, the violent brutalization of children in boarding schools, and the elimination of traditional tribal governments, the head of the Federal Bureau of Indian Affairs apologized for the agency's legacy of racism and inhumanity to American Indians. This legacy of racism and inhumanity has resulted in the high rates of alcoholism, suicide, and violence in Indian communities. Apologies by government officials to its wrongs inflicted upon American Indians are inadequate, while the United States continues its marginalization of American natives. The research record on capital punishment in the United States is void of any empirical analysis of American Indian executions. This paper presents a descriptive profile of American Indian executions within a historical-contextual framework of the American Indian experience in U.S. society. The paper suggests that the history of American Indian executions is nested within the sociopolitical context of internal colonialism calculated to dispossess American Indians from their sacred tribal territories, disruption of their cultures, and continuation of their marginalized status. A brief history of internal colonization is presented followed by 15 case histories of U.S. Government executions of American Indians. References
Main Term(s): American Indians; History of criminal justice; Indian justice; Restorative Justice; Tribal history
Index Term(s): Death investigations; Genocide; Multiple victimization; Victimization; Wrongful deaths
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.