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NCJ Number: 221656 Find in a Library
Title: Peer Relationships of Youths with Psychopathic Personality Traits: A Matter of Perspective
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:35  Issue:2  Dated:February 2008  Pages:212-227
Author(s): Luna C. Munoz; Margaret Kerr; Nejra Besic
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This longitudinal community-based study of school children (n=667) in Sweden focused on the peer relationships of psychopathic youth (12- to 15-years-old).
Abstract: The study found that youth who exhibited psychopathic traits (callous-unemotional, grandiosity-manipulativeness, and impulsivity-irresponsibility) did have friends, and these friendships were fairly stable. These friendships were not only initiated by the psychopathic youth. Peers, in turn, selected friends who were high on psychopathic traits nearly as often as did the peers of youth who were low on psychopathic traits. This occurred mostly for boys, however. The friends of psychopathic youth did not view the friendships as primarily conflictual; however, youth who were high on psychopathic traits perceived conflict in their relationships, indicating that perceptions of the friendships were not reciprocal. The friends of psychopathic youth showed high levels of delinquent behavior, but not high levels of psychopathic traits. This finding suggests that nonpsychopathic friends of psychopathic youth dabble in antisocial behavior and are attracted to the psychopathic youth because of this tendency. Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (Andershed et al., 2002). The existence of friendships was determined by asking the youth to identify four important peers at Time 1. The quality of peer relationships was determined from two subscales of the Friendship Quality Questionnaire (Parker and Asher, 1993). Other variables measured were activities with most important peers and delinquent behavior. 1 table, 3 figures, and 33 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Foreign criminal justice research; Longitudinal studies; Mental disorders; Peer influences on behavior; Problem behavior; Psychopaths; Social conditions; Sweden
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