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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221687 Find in a Library
Title: Emotional Maltreatment and Verbal Victimization in Childhood: Relation to Adults' Depressive Cognitions and Symptoms
Journal: Journal of Emotional Abuse  Volume:7  Issue:2  Dated:2007  Pages:59-73
Author(s): Brandon E. Gibb; Jessica S. Benas; Sarah E. Crossett; Dorothy J. Uhrlass
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 15
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relations among reports of negative childhood experiences, negative and positive automatic thoughts, and depressive symptoms in a cross-sectional study of young adults.
Abstract: Results indicate that negative and positive automatic thoughts fully mediated the link between childhood emotional maltreatment and verbal victimization and young adults’ current depressive symptom levels. Specifically, it was found that victimization from both caretakers and peers was significantly more strongly related to negative than positive automatic thoughts. In addition, although victimization from both sources was independently related to negative automatic thoughts, only childhood emotional maltreatment was related to positive thoughts, once the overlap between the two forms of victimization was statistically controlled. These results extend previous examinations of developmental correlates of depressive cognitions by suggesting that the negative effects of emotional maltreatment and verbal victimization may be relatively specific to the development of negative, as opposed to positive, thoughts. These findings highlight the importance of examining victimization from both parents and peers in the development of cognitive vulnerability to depression and suggest that previously proposed models may be more applicable to the development of negative automatic thoughts than to positive thoughts. This study used a cross sectional design to examine the relations among reports of childhood emotional maltreatment from parents and verbal victimization from peers, and the presence of positive and negative automatic thoughts and depressive symptoms among young adults. Table, figure, references
Main Term(s): Long term health effects of child abuse
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse; Child development; Child emotional abuse and neglect; Emotional Abuse/Harm; Psychological evaluation; Psychological victimization effects; Youth development
Note: Special issue on Childhood Emotional Abuse: Mediating and Moderating Processess Affecting Long-Term Impact. For related articles see NCJ-221686 and NCJ-221688-690.
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