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NCJ Number: 221706 Find in a Library
Title: Policing in Arab-American Communities After September 11
Author(s): Nicole J. Henderson; Christopher W. Ortiz; Naomi F. Sugie; Joel Miller
Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: July 2008
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Vera Institute of Justice
New York, NY 10279
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1020
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined changes in policing practices in Arab-American neighborhoods after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 ("9/11").
Abstract: Surveys in 16 sites across the country where Arab-Americans were geographically concentrated found that many Arab-American respondents were troubled by increased government scrutiny of their communities following 9/11. Some reported they were more afraid of law enforcement agencies, particularly Federal agencies, than they were of being victims of hate crimes. They specifically mentioned fears about immigration enforcement, surveillance of their activities, and racial profiling. The study identified four obstacles to improved relations between police and Arab-American communities. One barrier is a persistent mutual mistrust; a second is police agencies' lack of knowledge about and sensitivity to the culture and religion of Arab-Americans. The two other barriers are language differences and Arab-American concerns about immigration status and deportation. The study--which included surveys of local law enforcement officers and FBI agents in local field offices at each site--also produced some recommendations for ways to improve relations between Arab-American communities and local law enforcement agencies/officers. Many of the recommendations reflect the priorities and practices of community policing. Recommendations include the creation of a police-community liaison position within local police departments, the recruitment of police officers from Arab-American communities, and the training of officers in the cultural and religious values of Arab-American communities. Such training should include guidance on how to deal with Arab-Americans' mistrust of law enforcement officers. For each site, researchers conducted telephone interviews with individuals from three groups: members of the Arab-American community, local law enforcement officers, and FBI agents in local field offices. Focus groups and in-person interviews were conducted at four sites. 4 notes
Main Term(s): Public Opinion of the Police
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Ethnic groups; Minorities; NIJ grant-related documents; Police community relations programs; Police human relations training; Police-minority relations; Profiling
Note: NIJ Research for Practice
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