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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221716 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Orientation of "Child Savers": Support for Rehabilitation and Custody Among Juvenile Correctional Workers
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:45  Issue:3/4  Dated:2007  Pages:47-83
Author(s): Kristie R. Blevins; Francis T. Cullen; Jody L. Sundt
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 37
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the levels and sources of correctional orientations among a sample of juvenile correctional workers in Ohio.
Abstract: The results revealed that, like adult correctional workers and the general public, these juvenile correctional workers supported both rehabilitation and custody. An examination of the possible sources of the two orientations indicated that there was a large degree of consensus regarding rehabilitation, while support for custody varied primarily by individual characteristics. There are two perspectives concerning the correctional orientations of those working in juvenile corrections. First, the original child saving or rehabilitative mission that the American juvenile system was founded upon would suggest that these workers should have high levels of support for rehabilitation. A different perspective, however, stems from the overall punitive shift in American corrections including the juvenile system that has occurred over the past three decades. Juvenile correctional workers supported both rehabilitation and custody simultaneously, confirming the complex nature of correctional orientations reported in other research. Given the rehabilitative mission of the juvenile system, the relatively high level of support for custodial sentiments among juvenile correctional workers was an unexpected finding considering that child saving is a part, but not the abiding mission of their work. The data was collected from a survey of a sample of juvenile correctional workers, throughout the State of Ohio. The self-report surveys were distributed to staff members in county juvenile detention and treatment facilities across the State by the Ohio Department of Youth Services staff from September 1998 through February 1999. Tables, reference, appendix
Main Term(s): Correctional personnel attitudes; Juvenile detention; Juvenile rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Corrections research; Ohio; Public Opinion of Corrections
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