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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221718 Find in a Library
Title: Methamphetamine Users in a Community-Based Drug Court: Does Gender Matter?
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:45  Issue:3/4  Dated:2007  Pages:109-130
Author(s): Jennifer L. Hartman; Shelley Johnson Listwan; Deborah Koetzle Shaffer
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 22
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of the drug court by gender on a group of high-risk/high-need methamphetamine (meth) users.
Abstract: The results indicate that men have a higher probability of failure over an 18-month followup period, and that drug court can be an effective strategy for women meth users even with an assortment of needs. Despite the fact that women meth users had higher LSI-R mean scores and were more likely to have other needs such as physical and sexual abuse issues, and dependent children, they were less likely to fail than men on several outcome measures. Moreover, gender was significantly related to the probability of outcome above and beyond the variation explained by the risk variable. Implications of the study suggest that not only are drug courts a reasonable solution to the growing meth epidemic, they also provide the structure and wraparound service approach that is more likely to be effective for clients with an assortment of needs. The finding that women can be effectively treated in the community is a positive result for women in light of concerns that punitive drug policies have become a war on women as women are more likely than men to serve a sentence for a drug charge, and the rate of incarceration for women has grown at nearly double the rate that for men over the past two decades. And finally, rather than relying on incarceration to change behavior, the drug court model emphasizes supervision, treatment, and accountability; women receive more intensive levels of treatment in a drug court model than they would typically be exposed to either in an institutional or even basic probation setting. Participants were 153 men (50.3 percent) and 151 women (49.7 percent) who entered a drug court between January 2001 and July 2005. Tables, figures, notes, references
Main Term(s): Drug Courts; Drug offenders; Methamphetamines
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug Policy; Drug treatment programs; Gender issues; Male female offender comparisons
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