skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 221752 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Child Abuse Timing and Family Environment on Psychosis
Journal: Journal of Psychological Trauma  Volume:6  Issue:2/3  Dated:2007  Pages:65-85
Author(s): Jan Faust; Lindsay M. Stewart
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: IR29MH50340-01A3
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared the timing of child abuse and the degree of family conflict for 40 children ages 6 to 17, of whom 20 were diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 20 were diagnosed with a psychotic disorder.
Abstract: The findings indicate that children with psychotic disorders experienced child abuse trauma earlier in their lives than children with PTSD, and they reported more family conflict. Also, mothers of children with psychotic disorders rated their families as less cohesive than did the mothers of children with PTSD. Children with psychotic disorders first experienced trauma at a mean age of 4 years and 9 months, and children with PTSD first experienced trauma at a mean age of 7 years and 9 months. This finding is consistent with the literature, which indicates that earlier adverse events may be more detrimental to children's mental health than traumatic events that occur later in childhood. The fact that abused children with psychotic symptoms reported more family conflict than children with PTSD supports the concept that individuals with psychotic symptoms have typically been raised in highly disruptive families. Further, the literature indicates that mothers of children with psychotic symptoms have had disruptions in attachment with primary caregivers, which could explain why in the current study the mothers of psychotic children reported less cohesion in their families than mothers of PTSD children. Recommendations are offered for future research that will expand upon and replicate these findings. A demographic information sheet was used to collect information on age, race, ethnicity, abuse characteristics, age at time of abuse, and gender. Both mothers and children were administered the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Epidemiological Version. Mothers also completed the Family Environment Scale, and the children were administered the Children's Version of the Family Environment Scale. 2 tables and 66 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Child abuse treatment; Long term health effects of child abuse; Mental disorders; Mental health services; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.