skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 221795 Find in a Library
Title: Violence Against Children in Conflict with the Law: A Study on Indicators and Data Collection in Belgium, England and Wales, France and the Netherlands
Author(s): Sharon Detrick; Gilles Abel; Maartje Berger; Aurore Delon; Rosie Meek
Corporate Author: Howard League for Penal Reform
United Kingdom

Defense for Children International
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 144
Sponsoring Agency: Defence for Children International--The Netherlands
1070 AG Amsterdam,
Defense for Children International
Geneva, CH-121120, Switzerland
Howard League for Penal Reform
London, N19 3NL, England
Publication Number: ISBN 978-90-74270-24-3
Sale Source: Defence for Children International--The Netherlands
P.O. Box 75297
1070 AG Amsterdam,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This study describes the prevalence of violence in detention institutions in the countries of Belgium, England and Wales, France, and the Netherlands and identifies 12 violence indicators, including 6 juvenile justice indicators, offering improved data collection and analysis across Europe.
Abstract: Children deprived of their liberty and placed in detention are at extreme risk of violence, according to the U.N. Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children (the U.N. Study). Based on its global research, the U.N. Study identifies the following as the main sources of violence in both industrialized and developing countries: (1) violence by staff in detention institutions; (2) violence while in custody of police and security forces; (3) violence as a sentence; (4) violence by adult detainees; (5) violence by other children; and (6) self-harm, including self-mutilation and suicidal behavior. The research shows that in all the participating countries, Belgium, England and Wales, France, and the Netherlands, more effective and more transparent data collection and publication is required. One of the key problems identified in this study was the lack of data and information on the numbers of children deprived of their liberty and their conditions. The fundamental aim of this research was to develop a set of ‘violence indicators’ to improve data collection and analysis across Europe. It is hoped that the violence indicators developed through this research will enhance and complement the application of these juvenile justice indicators. Annex
Main Term(s): Juvenile detention
Index Term(s): Belgium; Child protection laws; Data analysis; Data collections; Europe; Juvenile detention reform; Violence; Violence prevention
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.