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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 221824 Find in a Library
Title: Bystanders' Perceptions of Perpetrators and Victims of Hate Crime: An Investigations Using the Person Perception Paradigm
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:18  Issue:9  Dated:September 2003  Pages:1055-1074
Author(s): Nadine Recker Rayburn; Margaret Mendoza; Gerald C. Davison
Date Published: September 2003
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using the person perception paradigm, this study examined whether people perceive hate crime victims as more culpable than non-hate crime victims.
Abstract: People viewed hate crime victims as more innocent than the nonhate crime victim and the hate crime perpetrators as more culpable than the nonhate crime perpetrator. However, consistent with previous research, women perceived all crime victims, hate crime or nonhate crime, as more innocent and all perpetrators, hate crime or nonhate crime, as more blameworthy than did men. Findings also indicate that in terms of participants’ perceptions of blame within the hate crime situations, the specific hate crime category was insignificant. There were no significant differences among the three hate crime conditions (sexual orientation, race, or religion) with regard to perceptions of blame concerning the victim and the perpetrator. The study emphasizes that hate crimes are unique types of crimes that provoke unique reactions in bystanders requiring continued analysis. The reactions of bystanders represent important factors in terms of the victim’s post-crime psychological adjustment. Preliminary evidence suggests that the perceptions of bystanders toward hate crime victims are more positive than their perceptions toward the victims of nonhate crimes. The purpose of this study was to investigate people’s perceptions of blame regarding hate crime perpetrators and victims using the person perception vignette method. The study consisted of 403 undergraduate students ranging in age from 17 to 57 years. Figures, appendix, references
Main Term(s): Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Bias related violence; Homosexuality; Personal crime victims; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Public Opinion of Crime; Racially motivated violence; Religiously motivated violence
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