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NCJ Number: 221834 Find in a Library
Title: Schools as Criminal "Hot Spots": Primary, Secondary, and Beyond
Journal: Criminal Justice Review  Volume:32  Issue:4  Dated:December 2007  Pages:339-357
Author(s): Paula M. Kautt; Dennis W. Roncek
Date Published: December 2007
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The purpose of this research study was to examine the effect of primary and middle schools on burglary in the surrounding residential areas.
Abstract: Net of other relevant factors, the presence and enrollment of public elementary schools, serving grades K-5, ages 5 through 10 years, significantly increased the probability of burglaries on the block with the school and those immediately surrounding it. These results have clear implications. Targeting patrol to the areas immediately surrounding such schools at various times of day should significantly decrease their burglary rates. Additional research is warranted based on these findings through a closer examination of the relationship between the presence of elementary schools and burglary rates. Research indicates that crime is concentrated in small areas called “hot spots,” often centered on locations integral to the offender’s routine activities. Schools are one focal point for the routine activities of youth. Studies have documented that areas near public high schools have higher crime levels than other residential areas. However, lower level schools have been largely ignored as crime facilitators. Using Tobit analysis of block-level burglary rates, this research examined the importance of different types of schools as focal points of acquisitive crime. Specifically, the research examined whether, public and private, elementary and middle schools affected burglary rates for the block with the school and those blocks directly adjacent to it. References
Main Term(s): Burglary; Location specific crime
Index Term(s): Burglary causes; Crime in schools; Crime patterns; Demographic analysis of crime; Geographic distribution of crime; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile offenders; Residential security
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