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NCJ Number: 221847 Find in a Library
Title: One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008
Corporate Author: Pew Charitable Trust
United States of America
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: Pew Charitable Trust
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Sale Source: Pew Charitable Trust
1 Commerce Square
2005 Market St
Suite 1700
Philadelphia, PA 19103
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After providing data on the trend in growth of prison and jail populations in the United States and the number of inmates housed in State and Federal correctional facilities as of January 1, 2008, this report identifies policy choices that are causing the increase in the U.S. inmate population and cites examples of how States are attempting to develop correctional alternatives to incarceration.
Abstract: For the first time, more than 1 in every 100 adults in America is now confined in an American jail or prison. One in 30 men between the ages of 20 and 34 is incarcerated; for Black men in this age group, 1 in 9 are incarcerated. According to data collected and analyzed by the Pew Public Safety Performance Project, the number of inmates in the United States continued to increase in 2007, bringing with it soaring costs to the States while failing to show a clear reduction in recidivism or overall crime. Legislators are learning that current growth in the prison population is not caused primarily by an increase in crime or an increase in the general population. Rather, it stems primarily from a wave of policy choices that are sending more convicted offenders to prison through various sentencing enhancements that have increased the number of offenders sentenced to incarceration and for longer periods. Although few doubt the necessity of locking up violent criminals and those who habitually threaten community safety, the incarceration of nonviolent, low-risk offenders has become a financial burden for States facing lean times. The cost of housing, rehabilitation programs, and medical services for inmates has spurred some States to diversify their sanctions in ways the ensure cost-effectiveness. Kansas and Texas, for example, have developed a strategy that blends incentives for reduced recidivism with greater use of community supervision for lower risk offenders. In addition, these two States are increasingly using sanctions other than prison for parole and probation violators whose infractions are considered "technical," such as missing a counseling session. Tables and figures
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Incarceration; Inmate statistics; Sentencing/Sanctions
Note: Downloaded March 3, 2008
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=243732

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