skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 221957 Find in a Library
Title: Attitudes Toward Violence Scale: Child Version
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:18  Issue:2  Dated:February 2003  Pages:186-196
Author(s): Jeanne Funk; Robert Elliott; Heidi Bechtoldt; Tracie Pasold; Areti Tsavoussis
Date Published: February 2003
Page Count: 11
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explains the rationale for and the development and testing of the Attitudes Toward Violence Scale, Child Version (ATVC), which was designed to measure the impact of interventions that target change in attitudes toward violence in elementary-school children.
Abstract: The ATVC had good internal consistency in measuring two key components of violent attitudes: a general predisposition to view violence as a desirable behavioral choice and violence in response to specific provocation. Being male predicted the endorsement of proviolence attitudes, and self-identification as a victim of violence also predicted stronger proviolence attitudes in the testing sample. Being European-American was associated with lower scores on Reactive Violence and Total Proviolence Attitudes. Being African-American was associated with stronger Reactive Violence scores; however, ethnicity may be confounded with poverty, which increases exposure to violence and other major stressors. Poorer children, who were most likely to be African-American, were more likely to accept aggressive behavior. The authors conclude that the ATVC is well-suited to measuring pre-existing attitudes toward violence, one valid target for intervention, and to the determination of changes in attitudes after an intervention. Also, because it can provide a portrait of prevailing attitudes toward violence in a targeted area, the ATVC could be used in the development of violence prevention programs. The study sample for the final 16-item version of the ATVC consisted of fourth-graders through sixth-graders attending public schools in a mid-sized Midwestern city. A total of 747 questionnaires were completed (355 by girls). The ATVC has four response choices, with values of one through four: "No," "Maybe," "Probably," and "Yes." A total score is calculated across items, with some being reverse-scored. Higher scores indicate stronger proviolence attitudes. 3 tables and 29 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Attitude change; Attitude measurement; Instrument validation; Violence causes; Violence prevention
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.