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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222001 Find in a Library
Title: Aggression and Violence, Posttraumatic stress, and Absenteeism Among Employees in Penitentiaries
Author(s): M.J.J. Kunst; S. Schweizer; S. Bogaerts; L.M. van der Knaap
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 54
Sponsoring Agency: Boom Juridische Unitgevers (Royal Boom Publishers)
7940 KB Meppel, The Netherlands
Publication Number: ISBN 978-90-5454-980-2
Sale Source: Boom Juridische Unitgevers (Royal Boom Publishers)
PO Box 1050
7940 KB Meppel,
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This Dutch study examined penitentiary employees' experience of workplace aggression and violence and possible links to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and work absenteeism.
Abstract: The study found that penitentiary workers' experiences of workplace violence, whether committed by detainees or co-workers once or more than once, was not apparently linked with a diagnosis of PTSD; however, workers who were victims of aggression and/or violence during the past 12 months were more at risk of exhibiting posttraumatic stress symptoms. Among these individuals, posttraumatic symptoms were more likely among workers with type D personalities, i.e., those who tend to avoid attachments and social interaction. Findings showed strong correlations between negative affectivity and posttraumatic stress and between type D personality and posttraumatic stress. In turn, absenteeism was related to the presence of symptoms of posttraumatic stress. The study concludes that it is possible to reduce the amount of absenteeism among penitentiary workers by preventing posttraumatic stress. Talking to colleagues about experiences of aggression and violence was found to protect victims from developing posttraumatic stress symptoms. Study participants were 174 penitentiary workers employed in 1 of the penitentiaries of the Judicial Penitentiary Services; 54 reported having been victims of aggression and violence in the workplace during the past 12 months. Structured interviews consisted of 29 questions that solicited responses on sociodemographics, experiences of violence on the job from detainees and coworkers, reactions to aggression/violence, and absenteeism. Three questionnaires measured symptoms of PTSD, attachment style, and type D personality. 5 figures, 1 table, and 64 references
Main Term(s): Correctional personnel attitudes; Netherlands
Index Term(s): Aggression; Correctional Officers; Correctional personnel; Correctional personnel attitudes; Corrections occupational stress; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Stress management; Violence in the workplace; Workplace Violence
Note: Downloaded March 20, 2008.
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