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NCJ Number: 222010 Find in a Library
Title: What Predicts Human Trafficking?
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:31  Issue:2  Dated:Fall 2007  Pages:269-279
Author(s): Kevin Bales
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 11
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses the causes and effects of human trafficking.
Abstract: The author attempts to provide a viable and uniform answer to the question “what causes trafficking?” and addresses strategies designed to control the problem. It is evident that traffickers enter into this criminal career because of its high profit potential, low capital investment, and low risk of being caught. They take advantage of economic pressures, political instability/transition, and social/cultural factors and the victim’s desire for a better life or, in the case of children particularly, their vulnerability. However, the author contends, more information and deeper analysis is needed if we are going to achieve a better understanding of trafficking and its root causes. International and governmental agencies, as well as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), have recognized this issue and are, for the first time, taking concrete steps to address the issues in a cooperative manner. Accurately defining the problem was the first step. The next is to answer two basic questions: What causes trafficking from a country? And, what causes trafficking to a country? From the answers the author states that statistical models weighing the factors in what drives trafficking to and from a country can be applied to determine what factors are the most important. Arguing that this is only the first step, the author admits that traffickers are inventive and opportunistic and will adapt to new enforcement measures quickly. Therefore, the challenge to authorities is to be prepared for these changes through information analysis and research. Figures and endnotes
Main Term(s): Trafficking in Persons
Index Term(s): Child victims; Female victims; Male survivors; Prostitution across international borders
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