skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222024 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of Federally Prosecuted CSEC Cases Since the Passage of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, Final Report
Author(s): Kevonne Small, J.D., Ph.D.; William Adams M.P.P.; Colleen Owens; Kevin Roland
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 164
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
The Urban Institute
Washington, DC 20037
Grant Number: 2006-JP-FX-K058
Sale Source: The Urban Institute
2100 M Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report on a national analysis of Federal prosecutions of cases that involved the commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC) focused on whether relevant laws are being enforced, key features of successful CSEC prosecutions, whether courts have increased penalties for CSEC crimes, and the effects of CSEC legislation on service providers who work with victims.
Abstract: The study found that Federal laws intended to counter CSEC crimes are being enforced. These laws include the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA) enacted in 2000 and the 2003 Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools To End the Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT). Factors important in gaining convictions in a CSEC case were filing after TVPA passage; investigation by U.S. Customs as opposed to the FBI; longer case processing time; having only one defendant; the involvement of child pornography in the charge; and being filed in the Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, or Seventh Circuit Courts. In addition, the study found that prosecutors are obtaining more severe sentences under the CSEC-related Federal laws passed since 2000. Regarding services for victims in CSEC cases, Federal legislation has tended to focus on services for victims who are non-U.S. citizens, under the assumption that CSEC victims who are U.S. citizens have access to needed specialized services by virtue of their citizenship status. This has led to service gaps for victims who are U.S. citizens. Implications of these findings are drawn for policy, practice, and research. The research involved a literature review, informational interviews with four Federal prosecutors, and statistical analyses of Federal CSEC cases filed by U.S. attorneys from 1998 through 2005. 3 exhibits, 25 figures, 9 tables, 47 references, and 9 appendixes with supplementary information
Main Term(s): Child abuse; Federal law violations
Index Term(s): Child protection laws; Trafficking in Persons; Victims of Crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.