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NCJ Number: 222027 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Careers in Organized Crime and Social Opportunity Structure
Journal: European Journal of Criminology  Volume:5  Issue:1  Dated:January 2008  Pages:69-98
Author(s): Edward R. Kleemans; Christianne J. de Poot
Date Published: January 2008
Page Count: 30
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents the findings of quantitative and qualitative research into the criminal careers of about 1,000 offenders who were involved in 80 extensively analysed cases of organized crime.
Abstract: The authors found that older offenders made up the majority of career criminals involved in organized crime, with more than three-quarters of their sample set of 1,000 being older than 30. Additionally, 28 percent of the offenders studied had no prior record of criminal offenses. Thus, the findings conclude that “late-starters, those who enter criminal careers later in life, make up a significant criminal population that has been overlooked in previous career criminal analyses. The authors, realizing a lack of knowledge about career criminals, focus on social opportunity structure, the social ties that provide access to profitable criminal opportunities, as a prime factor in organized crime and can explain what fosters career criminals. The authors contend that analyzing the social opportunity structure is better suited to the study of “life-course” criminology than traditional longitudinal dataset analysis in that it allows for the identification of late-starters, who are brought into organized crime through social ties, legitimate activities, and life events, and who are often missed in traditional methodologies. Footnotes, tables, acknowledgements, references, and author biography
Main Term(s): Netherlands; Organized crime investigation
Index Term(s): Criminal investigation; Foreign offenders; Offender profiles; Research; Theory
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