skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222034 Find in a Library
Title: Men's Self-Definitions of Abusive Childhood Sexual Experiences, and Potentially Related Risky Behavioral and Psychiatric Outcomes
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:32  Issue:1  Dated:January 2008  Pages:83-97
Author(s): William C. Holmes
Date Published: January 2008
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Health Services Research and Development Service, Dept of Veterans Affairs
Dallas, TX 75216
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA015635
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study estimated how many heterosexual and gay/bisexual men self-define abusive childhood sexual experiences (CSEs) to be childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and to assess whether CSA self-definition is associated with risky behavioral and psychiatric outcomes in adulthood.
Abstract: This study found that men and women with childhood histories of sexual abuse do not report a childhood sexual abuse (CSA) history when asked in adulthood (Widom and Morris, 1997). Factors for not reporting include: forgetfulness, repressed memories, unwillingness to disclose one’s sensitive history to researchers, and not defining one’s experiences (CSEs) to be CSA. The latter has been a subject of interest particularly for men in whom CSA nonreporting appears more frequent than in women. Participants were 197 men; standard sociodemographic questions (e.g., age, race/ethnicity) were asked in the first interview. Sexual identity was asked more than half-way through the interview. Information about parenting history was obtained using the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). The PBI allows the scoring of two parenting dimensions. First, the care score indicates parental warmth and understanding at one extreme compared with parental rejection and withdrawal at the other. Second, the protection score indicates parental over-control at one extreme and complete autonomy at the other. The Cronbach’s alphas for these dimensions in this sample were .83 and .75 respectively. Childhood socioeconomic status was assessed by asking what the participant’s parents occupations were when growing up. For 43 (22 percent) of the participants with abusive CSEs, 35 percent did not and 65 percent did self-define abusive CSEs to be CSA (“Non-Definers” and “Definer” respectively). Heterosexual and gay/bisexual subgroups’ CSA self-definitions rates did not significantly differ. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Male sexual abuse victims
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); Mental health; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.