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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222045 Find in a Library
Title: Predicting Violent Behavior Through a Static-Stable Variable Lens
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:18  Issue:8  Dated:August 2003  Pages:891-904
Author(s): Jeremy F. Mills; Daryl G. Kroner; Toni Hemmati
Date Published: August 2003
Page Count: 14
Document: PDF (Purchase from Publisher)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the differential relationship of criminogenic domains to violent and nonviolent recidivism among a sample of violent offenders.
Abstract: The results support the hypothesis that there are differences in the criminogenic domains important in the prediction of recidivism outcome variables. Also, there was additional evidence from the findings that stable variables do add to static (fixed) variables in the prediction of risk. The implications suggest that optimal risk prediction needs to account for the most important criminogenic components specific to the outcome of interest (violent versus nonviolent offending). Overall, the results of the study provide direction to the optimal development of risk assessment instruments. Estimating criminal risk has been approached from differing theoretical perspectives. The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, it set out to determine the specific criminogenic domains related to violent recidivism by comparing violent recidivists with nonrecidivists and nonviolent recidivists. It was hypothesized that the criminogenic domains that predict violent behavior would differ from those that predict nonviolent behavior. Second, the study aimed to assess the relative contribution that criminogenic domains make to the prediction of violence within a fixed-stable framework. It was hypothesized that stable variables would add to fixed variables in the prediction of violence. The study sample consisted of 209 incarcerated adult males sentenced to 2 years or more in Canada. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Evaluation measures; Recidivism prediction; Violent offenders
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Instrument validation; Recidivism; Recidivists; Testing and measurement; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
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