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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222085 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing Overt and Relational Aggression Among Young Children: The Results From a Two-Year Outcome Evaluation
Journal: Journal of School Violence  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:2008  Pages:27-42
Author(s): Douglas Boyle; Connie Hassett-Walker
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study presents the results of an independent 2-year evaluation of the “I Can Problem Solve” (ICPS) Universal prevention program, implemented in kindergarten and first grade classrooms in a racially and ethnically diverse urban school district.
Abstract: The conclusions reflected the effectiveness of the ICPS Universal prevention program in increasing prosocial behaviors in reducing aggressive behaviors among the group of 6- to 8-year-old instruction students. Furthermore, depending on the constructs and measures employed, there is some support for an additive effect of an additional year of ICPS instruction; on some teacher ratings, students receiving two years of instruction showed greater improvements than those receiving just a single year of instruction. The program was relatively more effective in increasing prosocial behavior, rather than decreasing aggressive behavior. The ICPS curriculum offers a relatively low cost and easily implemented universal prevention program that in the present study results in significant improvements in children's behavior. Other school districts dealing with problems of school violence, as well as budgetary constraints, might consider devoting more resources to prevention programs like ICPS when children are younger, rather than relying exclusively on targeted programs for older children with established problem behavior patterns. The student sample consisted of 226 children whose schools were matched according to the number of students in the kindergarten classrooms; racial and ethnic student body composition; socioeconomic status as measured by the percentage of students receiving free or reduced price lunch; and language proficiency of students. Schools were then randomly assigned to instruction or control status. Tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Behavior modification training; Elementary school education; Ethnic groups
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Behavior patterns; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Individual behavior; Nonviolent behavior; Public schools
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