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NCJ Number: 222098 Find in a Library
Title: Victimization and Perpetration Among Perinatal Substance Abusers
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:18  Issue:7  Dated:July 2003  Pages:760-780
Author(s): Deborah L. Haller; Donna R. Miles
Date Published: July 2003
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: HS4 TI00555;DA-07027
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined associations between demographic, psychiatric, substance abuse, child abuse variables, and past 30-day victimization and perpetration among perinatal substance abusers.
Abstract: The results indicate that the majority of women who participated in the study experienced childhood abuse. Although high rates of childhood abuse were anticipated, prevalence of current abuse was higher than expected. For example, four times as many perinatal substance abusers reported physical abuse compared to other obstetrical patients. This is striking considering the 30-day assessment window. Rates of physical and sexual abuse occurring during the perinatal period were essentially the same as those for non-pregnant women, suggesting that pregnancy is non-protective of victimization for this population. Drug abusing women are rarely characterized as perpetrators. When they are, this is generally in relation to concerns about child abuse. Although this study anticipated high rates of perpetration of emotional abuse in the current sample, the self-reported incidents of physical perpetration was greater than expected. Anger management training and instruction in parenting with respect to child disciplinary techniques may be necessary components of programs treating this population. None of the childhood abuse variables significantly predicted perpetration. Although the rates for most sexual perpetration and violation of others' personal freedom were low, rates for both emotional and physical perpetration were substantial. These results suggest that for this population, current perpetration is not directly linked to history of child abuse. Although a common concern is that victims of child abuse will themselves become victimizers, the results from this study suggest that the pathway to becoming an abuser is far more complex. Participants were 77 women admitted to the Center for Perinatal Addiction program, a Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration-funded residential treatment program for pregnant and postpartum substance abusers and their neonates and other preschool-age children. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Child abuse; Pregnant drug abusers; Victimization
Index Term(s): Abused women; Children of battered women; Children of drug abusers; Pregnant women
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