skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222135 Find in a Library
Title: Craving Among Polysubstance Using Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:17  Issue:2  Dated:2007  Pages:101-124
Author(s): Paul Florsheim; Teisha Shiozaki; Regina Hiraoka; Stephen T. Tiffany; Sarah Heavin; Spencer Hall; Noelle Teske; Carl Clegg
Date Published: 2007
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assessed "craving" ("the subjective motivational state that causes ongoing drug-use behavior among substance dependent individuals") among adolescents with polysubstance-use disorders (SUDs) and examined the association between personality traits and craving among adolescents with SUDs.
Abstract: The findings show that there are multiple ways to crave, that craving varies with users' personality characteristics, and that craving may be determined by multiple factors. There were some similarities and some differences in the structure of craving experiences associated with alcohol compared with marijuana. The craving elements of desire and intent to use were similar for alcohol and marijuana; however, marijuana cravings also contained the elements of avoidance of negative emotions and the need for pleasure-seeking/excitement. Findings also indicated that the intensity of craving among polysubstance users was similar across alcohol and marijuana. Desire to use was moderately strong for both alcohol and marijuana; whereas, most participants reported low levels of intent to use. Regarding the relationship between personality traits and drug craving, adolescents with higher impulsive/sensation-seeking traits were more likely to report wanting to use marijuana for the thrill of it and to avoid feelings of distress. Adolescents with higher anxious-neuroticism traits were more likely to report wanting to use marijuana to avoid feelings of distress only. Adolescents with higher sensation-seeking traits were more likely to want to use alcohol for emotion regulation. Future research should examine how various elements of drug craving respond to treatment. A total of 113 adolescents (ages 14-18 and 63-percent male) in substance-use treatment participated in this study. They completed instruments that measured their history of polysubstance use, personality traits, and craving. 5 tables and 65 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Drug abuse causes; Juvenile personality characteristics; Marijuana; Motivation; Underage Drinking
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.