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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222160 Find in a Library
Title: Enhancement of Microcrystalline Identification of y-Hydroxybutyrate
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:53  Issue:1  Dated:January 2008  Pages:147-150
Author(s): Mathieu P. Elie M.Sc.; Mark G. Baron Ph.D.; Jason W. Birkett Ph.D.
Date Published: January 2008
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper describes an enhancement of the microcrystalline test for the detection of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB).
Abstract: The study found that an AgNO3/La(NO3)3 reagent provides an enhanced detection of GHB by improving the visualization of GHB characteristic crystals and a lower detection limit in aqueous solution of 0.5 mg/ml. GHB was positively distinguished among a range of GHB precursors, structure-related compounds, and other control substances using the enhanced test. The enhanced regent does allow GHB detection in only a limited range of beverages. Citric acid was identified as an interferant that will produce false negative results when its concentration is greater than GHB. Because of its central nervous system depressant properties, GHB induces a range of effects from relaxation and euphoria, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and short-term amnesia, to uncontrollable shaking and seizures, respiratory depression, and unarousable unconsciousness. GHB has become one of the most frequently encountered drugs of abuse and malevolent purpose in the club drug scene. Descriptions of materials and methods address the preparation of reagents and dry samples, as well as procedures of the experiments. 3 figures, 2 tables, and 16 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Criminal methods; Drug analysis; Drug effects; Forensic sciences; GHB (gammahydroxybutyrate); Investigative techniques
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