skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222175 Find in a Library
Title: Geography and Public Safety: A Quarterly Bulletin of Applied Geography for the Study of Crime & Public Safety, Volume 1, Issue 1
Journal: Geography & Public Safety  Volume:1  Issue:1  Dated:February 2008  Pages:1-15
Editor(s): Judith Beres
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 15
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Articles in this issue of Geography & Public Safety explain applied geography for the study of crime and public safety, how to use computer software and crime-cause theories in identifying and countering crime "hot spots," the features of a new software ("ModelBuilder") for geographic-information-system (GIS) tasks, and the features and functions of the new California University of Pennsylvania Crime Mapping Center.
Abstract: After presenting an overview of geographic technologies, theories, and principles, the article on applied geography for the study of crime and public safety discusses the use of computer software for crime mapping, the use of applied geography to understand crime and public safety, problem-oriented policing, and the creation of policy to prevent crime. The second article first defines "hot spots" ("areas with a greater than average number of criminal or disorder events or higher than average risk of victimization"), and then describes tools police can use to identify and analyze hot spots, followed by a discussion of theories for countering hot-spot crime. The third article describes the features and uses of Environmental Systems Research Institute's ModelBuilder, a component of geographic-information-system (GIS) software called ArcMap, which allows for "drag-and-drop" development of complex geoprocessing tasks. The article on the new California University of Pennsylvania's Crime Mapping Center notes that it is equipped with GIS technology that enables students to complete weekly and monthly crime-mapping reports for rural police departments. It is staffed by student volunteers interested in applying what they learn in the classroom to real problems facing police.
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Geographic information systems (GIS)
Index Term(s): Community policing; Crime analysis; Crime Mapping; Geographic distribution of crime
Note: For related articles see NCJ-222176-78
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.