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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222179 Find in a Library
Title: HIV in Prisons, 2006
Series: BJS Bulletins
Author(s): Laura Maruschak
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF
Agency Summary: 
Type: Statistics
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides the number of State and Federal inmates who were infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or had confirmed AIDS at yearend 2006.
Abstract: Presented in the report is the number of AIDS-related deaths in prisons, a profile of those inmates who died, the number of female and male prisoners who were HIV positive, and circumstances under which inmates were tested for HIV. Report highlights include: (1) between 2005 and 2006, the number of HIV-positive prisoners decreased 3.1 percent from 22,676 to 21,980 while the overall prison custody population grew 2.2 percent during the same period; (2) at yearend 2006, 1.6 percent of male inmates and 2.4 percent of female inmates in state and federal prisons were known to be HIV positive or to have confirmed AIDS; (3) three states, New York (4,000), Florida (3,412), and Texas (2,693), housed nearly half (49 percent) of all inmates known to be infected with HIV or to have confirmed AIDS in State prisons at yearend 2006; (4) New York continued to see a large decrease (down 440) in the number of HIV/AIDS cases. Other notable decreases at yearend were in Georgia (down 98) and California (down 94); the overall rate of estimated confirmed AIDS among the prison population (0.46 percent) was more than 2½ times the rate in the U.S. general population (0.17 percent); (5) during 2006, 167 inmates in State and Federal prisons died from AIDS-related causes down from 203 in 2005; (6) Florida reported the largest number of AIDS-related deaths (28), followed by New York (14), Pennsylvania (13), Georgia (10), and Louisiana (10). Findings are based on yearend 2006 data from the National Prisoner Statistics series NCJ 222179. Tables
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities
Index Term(s): Custody deaths; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); Inmate health; Inmate statistics; Inmates; Terminally ill inmates
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