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NCJ Number: 222195 Find in a Library
Title: Drug-Free Workplace Programmes: New Zealand Perspective
Journal: Forensic Science International  Volume:174  Issue:2-3  Dated:January 2008  Pages:125-132
Author(s): Susan Nolan
Date Published: January 2008
Page Count: 8
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents an overview of New Zealand's drug-free and alcohol-free workplace (DAFWP) policies and programs, highlighting drug-testing options, categories of abused drugs in the workplace, the influence of significant employment court judgments, and proposed changes to the Australian/New Zealand Standard's (AS/NZS's) "procedures for the collection, detection, and quantitation of drugs of abuse in urine."
Abstract: The introduction of workplace drug testing (WDT) as part of a company's DAFWP began in the early 1990s in New Zealand. During the 1990s, the industries that pioneered such programs with WDT were in the forestry, fishing, mining, and aluminum manufacturing sectors. Since 2000, most of the other industry sectors with a high priority on occupational safety have such programs. The comprehensive DAFWP model accepted by New Zealand's employment courts and most labor unions has four critical components. These components are written company policies and procedures regarding employee drug and alcohol use, employee education and training on drug and alcohol abuse, employee drug testing by an accredited lab, and an Employee Assistance Program that provides drug treatment and case management. The intended outcome of the model is a change in employee drug-abuse behavior leading to a safer workplace. The drug classes that are available in New Zealand and are typically the focus of employee drug testing are cannabis; amphetamine-type stimulants; benzylpiperazine; opiates; and LSD, cocaine, and benzodiazepines. The AS/NZS is currently being revised in the areas of definitions; specimen collection, storage, handling, and dispatch; laboratory screening procedures; laboratory confirmation procedures; and on-site screening procedures. This paper also discusses the mix of drug-testing options being used by New Zealand companies (pre-employment, random, after accidents or incidents, etc.) and current research on oral fluid drug testing. 3 tables, 5 figures, and 8 references
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs; New Zealand
Index Term(s): Drug abuse in foreign countries; Employee drug testing; Foreign crime prevention; Occupational safety and health
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