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NCJ Number: 222209 Find in a Library
Title: Test of Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory: A Comparison of Male and Female Delinquency
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:52  Issue:2  Dated:April 2008  Pages:134-157
Author(s): Ozden Ozbay; Yusuf Ziya Ozcan
Date Published: April 2008
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In this study, Hirchi’s social bonding theory was used to identify what aspects of the theory could explain male and female delinquency, and whether social bonding variables could equally explain delinquency in a developing society, Turkey.
Abstract: The finding suggests that social bonding variables play a more important role for male students than for female students. Furthermore, they indicate that components of the social bonding theory can equally explain both male and female delinquent acts. Results imply that even when Western measures of social bonding variables are used, social bonding theory plays an equal role in the explanation of male and female delinquency in a non-Western society; theories developed in one society may be applicable to other societies, regardless of geographical location. When the level of social bonding elements is high it is less likely that both males and females will commit delinquent behavior. Also, social bonding variables play a more important role for males than for females. Among males, school commitment, family supervision, beliefs, and attachment to delinquent friends are the most consistent variables. Conventionality of peers, past term GPA, district, and type of high school are not associated with any of the dependent variables. For females, respect for police, family supervision, belief, and attachment to delinquent friends are the most consistent variables. The study did not cover some types of delinquent behavior, for example, drug use or property delinquency. Therefore, gender differences may exist between males and females in the relationship between social bonding variables and some other types of delinquent behaviors; this can bias the results. The study was limited only to one city, which cannot be considered representative of Turkish society as a whole. Data were collected from 1,710 high school students in the city of Ankara in June 2001. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency; Psychological causes of delinquency; Turkey
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Behavior patterns; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Gender issues; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
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