skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222214 Find in a Library
Title: Importance of Appropriate Allocation to Offending Behavior Programs
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:52  Issue:2  Dated:April 2008  Pages:206-221
Author(s): Emma J. Palmer; James McGuire; Ruth M. Hatcher; Juliet C. Hounsome; Charlotte A.L. Bilby; Clive R. Hollin
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
London, SW1H 9AT, England
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The study examined the impact on reconviction of appropriate allocation to three general offending behavior programs involving adult male offenders in the English and Welsh Probation Service.
Abstract: Results reveal a high level of inappropriate allocation to offending behavior programs with respect to go Offender Group Reconviction Scale-2 (OGRS2) scores that were outside the recommended risk band. Almost half of the offenders allocated to programs had OGRS2 scores that were outside the recommended risk band. Of these offenders, the majority had OGRS2 scores that indicated that their risk levels were too high for allocation to a program. The fact that almost half of the offenders allocated to programs fell outside the specified risk band suggests that there are problems in the allocation system within some probation areas. Allocation to offending behavior programs is carried out at the point of sentence, when it can be specified as a requirement of a probation order. An offender’s sentenced will be informed by the report from the Probation Service and presented to the court. The report includes the offender’s OSGR2 score and recommendations for disposal, such as attending a program as part of a community service. Courts rely on the recommendation rather than specific information relating to targeting criteria, such as the OGRS2 score. This issue affects the reconviction rates of offenders referred to programs, with corresponding implications for the associated evaluation studies. It is important to understand the complexities of factors affecting outcomes to ensure that the results of the evaluation are fully understood and used correctly to inform future policy and practice. The guidelines for referring offenders to programs were not being followed at the time of data collection and tighter monitoring procedures are required to ensure these guidelines are followed. The inappropriate allocation of offenders to programs is a problem for outcome research because it violates the programs' integrity, in turn compounding and potentially providing misleading information on the performance of the Probation Service. Tables, note, references
Main Term(s): Behavior modification; Male offenders; Risk taking behavior
Index Term(s): England; Inmate treatment; Probation; Recidivism; Treatment techniques; Wales
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.