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NCJ Number: 222234 Find in a Library
Title: Attitudes Supporting Violence and Aggressive Behavior Among Adolescent in Israel: The Role of Family and Peers
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:18  Issue:10  Dated:October 2003  Pages:1132-1148
Author(s): Gustavo S. Mesch; Gideon Fishman; Zvi Eisikovits
Date Published: October 2003
Page Count: 17
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English; French
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used a cross-sectional design to explore the impact of peer relations, family relations, and attitudes on aggressive behavior among a sample of adolescents in Israel.
Abstract: The results of the study emphasize the relevance of adolescents’ social domains. The findings clearly show that attitudes tolerating violence are related to disadvantaged neighborhoods in which low-income families and delinquency are common. This supports the strain framework suggesting that low socioeconomic status and blocked opportunities are the cradle of delinquency. The findings are also in line with differential association theory, which holds that the influence of delinquent peers is a key element. In addition, the study has shown that adolescents who are involved in negative relationships with their parents and peers are inclined to aggressive behavior. Thus, poor relations with parents might be a risk factor of aggressive behavior insofar as it fails to protect the adolescent from negative relations with peers. This study is an attempt to contribute to the growing body of literature on adolescents’ aggressive behavior by focusing on the behaviors of adolescents and parental behavior. Specifically, the study explored the differences between aggressive and nonaggressive adolescents in terms of the quality of their social relationships, their experience of negative treatment by others, and their association with delinquent peers. It begins by examining how relationships with significant others (family and peers) are related to the experience of negative treatment by others. It then investigates whether adolescents exposed to negative relationships are more likely to be exposed to delinquent peers, to have attitudes supporting violence, and to be involved in aggressive behavior. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Parent-Child Relations; Peer influences on behavior
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Aggression; Citizen crime tolerance; Crime causes theory; Ghettos; Home environment; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Public Opinion of Crime; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency; Strain theory; Violence; Violence causes
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