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NCJ Number: 222237 Find in a Library
Title: Examining the Link Between Child Abuse and Youth Violence: An Analysis of Mediating Mechanisms
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:18  Issue:10  Dated:October 2003  Pages:1189-1208
Author(s): Todd I. Herrenkohl; Bu Huang; Emiko A. Tajima; Stephen D. Whitney
Date Published: October 2003
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
University of Washington's Royalty Research Foundation
Seattle, WA
Grant Number: R24MH56599
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several factors are investigated as possible mediators of physical child abuse in the prediction of violence among adolescents and the predictive equivalence for prospective and retrospective measures of child abuse in mediation tests.
Abstract: The study highlights several mediating mechanisms through which abuse might increase risk for youth violence. It was found that prospective and retrospective measures of abuse provided some similar and some different findings in mediation tests. Findings suggest that abusive discipline, whether measured prospectively or retrospectively, predicts violent behavior indirectly through variables that reflect later social experiences of youths and their attitudes. The findings also suggest that although abuse is indeed an important predictor of violence during adolescence, most of the explanatory power achieved in the analysis is from proximal adolescent variables, such as school commitment and antisocial peer involvement. In this study, several factors were investigated as potential mediators of physical abuse in the prediction of violent behavior in adolescence. It also examined the predictive equivalence of prospective and retrospective measures of child abuse in mediation tests. Data were from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective study of 457 children followed from preschool into adolescence. Structural equation models examined a degree to which abuse was mediated in the prediction of violence through youths’ bonds to family, commitment to school, involvement with antisocial peers during adolescence, and attitudes about the use of violence. Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor; Mediation training
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Adolescents at risk; Child abuse; Home environment; Juvenile delinquency factors; Long term health effects of child abuse; Longitudinal studies; Peer influences on behavior; Psychological victimization effects; Violence; Violence causes; Violence prediction
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