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NCJ Number: 222287 Find in a Library
Title: Comparison of HIV Risks Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:37  Issue:4  Dated:April 2008  Pages:456-464
Author(s): Rashmi Gangamma; Natasha Slesnick; Paula Toviessi; Julianne Serovich
Date Published: April 2008
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: R01 DA13549;TI12503
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the risk for HIV among gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) homeless youth and compared it with that of their heterosexual counterparts.
Abstract: The study found that, GLB youth had greater risk for HIV risk than heterosexual youth, and the risk was greater for bisexual females. HIV risk was measured by intravenous drug use; multiple sexual partners; high-risk sexual partners (prostitutes, IV drug users, and persons with HIV); irregular condom use; anal sex; prostitution; and ever having had a sexually transmitted disease. The study found that among GLB youth, "survival sex" (reporting having engaged in the exchange of sex for drugs, food, shelter, or money in the last 3 months) emerged as the strongest predictor of HIV risk. Among heterosexual youth, survival sex was also a strong predictor of HIV risk; however, substance use and emotional disorders also emerged as predictors of HIV risk. Female youth, regardless of their sexual orientation, were more likely to engage in survival sex than male youth. Intervention efforts should target these young women and their distinctive risk patterns and life situations. Study participants were 268 youth involved in 2 projects that assessed treatment outcomes with substance abusing homeless youth in the Southwestern United States. All participants were contacted through the only homeless youth drop-in center in a Southwestern urban center. Selection criteria were being homeless, being between 14 and 22 years old, and having lived in the metropolitan area for at least 3 months with the intent to remain for at least 6 more months. Males composed 64 percent of the sample. The questionnaire administered to all youth measured demographics, substance use, mental health, health-risk behaviors, and sexual orientation. 10 tables and 59 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Comparative analysis; Homeless children; Homeless persons; Homosexuality; Sexual behavior; Sexually transmitted diseases
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