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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222292 Find in a Library
Title: Psychopathy in a Civil Psychiatric Outpatient Sample
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:35  Issue:4  Dated:April 2008  Pages:427-437
Author(s): Ricardo De Oliveira-Souza; Jorge Moll; Fatima Azevedo Ignacio; Robert D. Hare
Date Published: April 2008
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined a sample of patients referred to a Brazilian civil psychiatric facility for valuation and consultation because of a chronic pattern of social and behavioral problems.
Abstract: The findings were consistent with the view that antisocial dispositions and behaviors, not necessarily criminal in nature, form an integral part of the psychopathy construct. In general, the patients in this Brazilian population looked like those with high Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV) scores described in North American samples. Typically, the patients were seen as troublesome because of chronic disruptive behaviors that were emotionally and financially costly to those with whom they lived or were as associated in any significant way. Their antisocial behaviors consisted of recurrent and frequent violations of the rights of others for their own gain. In some cases, such violations consisted of minor infractions, such as truancy, lies, or robbery of small amounts of money that, if infrequent, might cause no serious harm. In other cases, particularly among the men, there was evidence of criminal and aggressive behavior, frequently instrumental in nature. The recurrent nature of these violations ultimately resulted in major losses for others, usually a family member or relative. The patients did not seem to care if they were causing harm to their supporters, nor did they appear to be moved by the suffering inflicted on others. They seldom acknowledged their roles as agents of that suffering. Although patients appeared warm and outgoing, excelling in social encounters with charm and wit, many used manipulation, intimidation, threats, and verbal abuse to get what they wanted. Others followed a parasitic, aimless, and unproductive lifestyle in which gambling, partying, and alcohol and drug use were common. The association between PCL: SV scores and criminal behavior were consistent with the findings from other communities and were collected from a pool of adult outpatients (N=50) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who had received neurological or psychiatric consultation over the past decade. Table, note, references
Main Term(s): Brazil; Mental health services; Problem behavior; Psychiatry
Index Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Behavior patterns; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Individual behavior; Psychosexual behavior; Risk taking behavior; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
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