skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222293 Find in a Library
Title: Inmate Versus Environmental Effects on Prison Rule Violations
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:35  Issue:4  Dated:April 2008  Pages:438-456
Author(s): Benjamin Steiner; John Wooldredge
Date Published: April 2008
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: American Statistical Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314-1943
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined inmate named environmental effects on the prevalence of both violence and nonviolent offenses among male prison inmates.
Abstract: Results found four measures that were relevant for predicting all three forms of misconduct during both study periods: an inmate's age, prior incarceration, prearrest drug use, and program participation. An inmate's sentence length and work assignment hours were also significant predictors of all three outcomes during one or both study periods, with only one of those effects changing significantly over time (sentence length became a stronger predictor of assaults in 1997). The predictors examined were consistently significant across the three sets of models, although it should be noted that an inmate's education and incarceration for violence were relevant for only one or two of the six models examined. The consistency of several of the inmate-level relationships across different outcomes suggests that some of these factors might be useful to consider when making treatment and placement decisions in confinement facilities for men. For example, the findings for the effects of prearrest drug use and incarceration for violence on both assaults and drug/alcohol offenses during incarceration reinforce the link between violent behavior and substance abuse in the offender population. Such a link is not necessarily refuted by the inverse effect of being incarcerated for drugs on the odds of assaults simply because violent drug offenders are more likely to be incarcerated for the crime of violence, with substance abuse as a possible factor in guiding judges towards sending men to prison, as is the case under some structured sentencing schemes. The link between substance-abuse and violence suggests that treating drug problems may go a long way toward making facilities safer. Data were collected from offenders held in State-operated prisons in correctional facilities; the sample included 9,828 men housed in 204 State facilities for 1991 and 10,022 men in 203 facilities for 1997. Tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Environmental influences; Inmates; Violent-nonviolent behavior comparisons
Index Term(s): Aggravated assault; Alcohol abuse; Drug use; Federal prisoners; Inmate misconduct; Sentence effectiveness
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.