skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222330 Find in a Library
Title: Dissociation Predicts Later Attention Problems in Sexually Abused Children
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:32  Issue:2  Dated:February 2008  Pages:261-275
Author(s): Julie B. Kaplow; Erin Hall; Karestan C. Koenen; Kenneth A. Dodge; Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: K08 MH076078;K08 MH070627
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a prospective model of attention problems in sexually abused children that includes fixed variables, trauma, and disclosure-related pathways.
Abstract: The results demonstrate that children who are sexually abused by someone within their family and/or report symptoms of dissociation upon disclosure of abuse are at increased risk of developing attention problems 8-36 months after disclosure. The findings support the importance of assessing children’s reactions immediately after disclosure, thereby providing essential information about later problems in functioning. The findings also suggest the victim-perpetrator relationship is a critical component of the trauma of sexual abuse in terms of predicting future functioning. The association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and attention problems has been well documented. However, the mediating mechanisms involved in this relationship are relatively unknown. The goal of this research study, thought to be the first, examines the utility of a prospective model incorporating fixed variables (e.g., gender), trauma, and disclosure-related pathways leading to attention problems in sexually abused children. One hundred and fifty-six children met criteria for the study, with all 156 comprising the Time 1 sample assessing fixed variables, trauma, and stress reactions upon disclosure and only 74 involved in the Time 2 sample assessing attention problems. Tables, figure, and references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Attention deficit disorder (ADD); Child development; Child victims; Children at risk; Problem behavior; Psychological stress evaluator; Sexually abused adolescents
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.