skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 222338 Find in a Library
Title: Application of the Iscan Method to Two- and Three-Dimensional Imaging of the Sternal End of the Right Fourth Rib
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:53  Issue:2  Dated:March 2008  Pages:288-295
Author(s): Fabrice Dedouit M.D.; Stephanie Bindel; David Gainza M.D.; Anthony Blanc M.D.; Francis Joffre M.D., Ph.D.; Daniel Rouge M.D., Ph.D.; Norbert Telmon M.D., Ph.D.
Date Published: March 2008
Page Count: 8
Publisher: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study applied the Iscan method, which analyzes the sternal end of the right fourth rib, to two-dimensional and three-dimensional multislice computed tomography (MSCT) reconstructions of the right fourth rib and compared the age estimations with those obtained by examining dry bones, with attention to the value of these reconstructions for observation of articular surface, the pit (amorphous indentation), the rim and edges, and bone projections.
Abstract: The findings showed excellent agreement between the results of analyzing bone samples and those of the two-dimensional and three-dimensional images, particularly regarding bone projections and morphology of the pit and rim. The accuracy of age estimation did not differ significantly between the Iscan method applied to dry bones and the same method applied to MSCT images. Age was accurately estimated for 21 out of 36 cases (58.3 percent) when dry bones were used and for 23 out of 36 cases (63.9 percent) when MSCT reconstructions were used. The use of MSCT reconstructions in forensic anthropology has many advantages, including no bone preparation, no damage to bone material, and the possibility of application to living individuals. The bone material consisted of 39 right fourth ribs with soft tissue obtained from autopsies performed for identification purposes in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Toulouse University Hospital, between November 2004 and March 2005. In addition to describing the bone collection, this report also describes the MSCT, the study method, and statistical analysis. 1 table, 2 figures, and 14 references
Main Term(s): Age determination; Criminology; France
Index Term(s): Bone analysis; Foreign criminal justice research; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; Victim identification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=244237

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.