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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222436 Find in a Library
Title: Toward a Transactional Model of Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality and Adolescent Psychological Adjustment
Journal: Journal of Early Adolescence  Volume:28  Issue:2  Dated:May 2008  Pages:252-276
Author(s): Kostas A. Fanti; Christopher C. Henrich; Kathryn A. Brookmeyer; Gabriel P. Kuperminc
Date Published: May 2008
Page Count: 25
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: For a period of 1 year, this study tested the reciprocal associations of the following variables for a sample of 246 boys and 253 girls in the sixth and seventh grades of a large public middle school: externalizing problems (problem behaviors); internalizing problems (problematic emotional/mental states); mother-child relationship quality; and father-child relationship quality.
Abstract: The study's final model detected a long-term, reciprocal link only between the quality of adolescents' relationships with their mothers and internalizing problems. The findings suggest long-term, unidirectional effects on externalizing problems stemming from the quality of adolescents' relationships with their fathers and also with their mothers. The quality of an adolescent's relationship with his/her mother, but not with the father, was associated with both internalizing and externalizing problems over time, confirming the findings of previous studies. Mothers have consistently been found to be more responsive and supportive in responding to adolescents' problem behaviors and emotions, which might explain the importance of this relationship as an inhibiting factor for problematic behaviors and emotions; however, the absence of such a relationship with one's mother can aggravate both internalizing and externalizing problems. Data were collected in two assessments separated by 1 year, in January 1995 and January 1996. Questionnaires were administered in classroom groups of 20-25 students, with sessions conducted later for absent students. Latent variables for externalizing and internalizing problems were measured with the Youth Self-Report, which has shown adequate reliability and validity in assessing a broad range of behavioral and emotional problems experienced by youth ages 11 through 18. The quality of parental relationships was measured with the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment. 4 tables, 2 figures, and 67 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Antisocial attitudes; Emotional disorders; Parent-Child Relations; Parental attitudes; Parental influence; Problem behavior
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