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NCJ Number: 222529 Find in a Library
Title: History of International Police Cooperation: A 150-Year Evolution in Trends and Approaches
Journal: Global Crime  Volume:9  Issue:1-2  Dated:February-May 2008  Pages:169-184
Author(s): Nadia Gerspacher
Date Published: February 2008
Page Count: 16
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article traces the history of international police cooperation under collaborative initiatives that various police leaders have introduced since the mid-19th century in order to address transnational crime through comprehensive, multifaceted strategies.
Abstract: The start of international police cooperation stemmed largely from efforts by European governments to counter widespread anarchist subversive activities that threatened political and socioeconomic stability. The first known police cooperative initiative occurred in 1848 with the creation of the Police Union of German States. It united Austria and the German states of Prussia, Sachsen, Hanover, Baden, Wurttemberg, and Bavaria in a system that promoted the sharing of information on wanted suspects. Intelligence gathering focused on political enemies of the state linked to political movements and dissidents. Such police collaboration virtually stopped during the two world wars; however, the second half of the 20th century was marked by a rapid expansion of mechanisms for international cooperation in policing, as most countries recognized the importance of multilateral action against transnational crime that included drug, human, and arms trafficking. Such cooperation was aided by a consensus among nations about laws against such trafficking. International policing currently involves sophisticated, wide-ranging channels of information exchange and joint policing strategies and operations. Police international cooperation has gone in cycles, depending on the severity and prevalence of transnational crimes. Under the current threat of violent transnational terrorist groups, the cooperation of law enforcement agencies across the world has intensified. 85 notes
Main Term(s): International cooperation; International police activities
Index Term(s): Interagency cooperation; International agreements; International organizations; Transnational Crime; Transnational Organized Crime
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