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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222560 
Title: Post-War Societies and Punitivity: The Inquiry into an Underexplored Field of Research (From International Perspectives on Punitivity, P 139-160, 2008, Helmut Kury and Theodore N. Ferdinand, eds. -- See NCJ-222554)
Author(s): Ernesto Kiza
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Universitatsverlag Brockmeyer
44797 Bochum,
Sale Source: Universitatsverlag Brockmeyer
Im Haarmannsbusch 112
44797 Bochum,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: Germany (Unified)
Annotation: This paper reviews the status of research on punitiveness in postwar societies and the findings of such research to date.
Abstract: The empirical findings of research on punitiveness among people who are living in the aftermath of war show that they hold punitive attitudes, as measured by their desire to see the prosecution and imprisonment of human rights violators. Future research should focus on how punitiveness is related to the passage of time after a war ends and the existence and nature of postwar peace-building between the warring parties. One of the sources of these empirical findings is the International Red Cross's 1999 study of postwar punitive attitudes among people living in 13 war-torn countries. Another source is a research project being conducted by the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, which is examining the attitudes of war victims in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. Another study cited focused on public opinion among South Africans about that country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which guided South Africa's policy toward those who designed and executed apartheid in that country. In reviewing the status of research on punitiveness among people in postwar societies, the authors found few studies. They believe this is due to the lack of interest in this particular topic, which stems mainly from the problems of field access in war-torn societies, as well as from mainstream criminology's indifference toward war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity. 9 tables, 1 figure, and 46 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Kosovo; Public Opinion of Corrections; Public Opinion of the Courts; Punishment; Sentencing/Sanctions; South Africa; War crimes
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