skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 222562 
Title: Punitiveness in International Criminal Justice: Some Explorations (From International Perspectives on Punitivity, P 187-208, 2008, Helmut Kury and Theodore N. Ferdinand, eds. -- See NCJ-222554)
Author(s): Leslie Sebba
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Universitatsverlag Brockmeyer
44797 Bochum,
Sale Source: Universitatsverlag Brockmeyer
Im Haarmannsbusch 112
44797 Bochum,
Germany (Unified)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: Germany (Unified)
Annotation: This paper identifies and discusses issues that must be addressed in expanding research on punitiveness from domestic (national) arenas to the international arena.
Abstract: The author concludes that it is impossible to conduct a meaningful analysis of punitiveness in international criminal justice in the same way research on punitiveness is done in the context of national systems. The cumulative experience of a few ad hoc tribunals in diverse locations, most having a limited number of cases, does not permit the use of research techniques such as time series or cross-sectional analysis. The general criminological literature suggests that punitiveness can be studied in relation to three groups of stakeholders: official policymaking bodies and criminal justice agencies, the general public, and crime victims. This paper considers who constitutes these groups in international criminal justice and the methodological issues involved in measuring the punitiveness of their policies, practices, and attitudes. In the context of international criminal justice, identification of the relevant bodies is problematic. The lack of a coherent legislative structure and the absence of a permanent homogeneous judicial system creates difficulties in conducting a systematic assessment of the punitiveness of the policies and practices applied to persons convicted of international crimes. The study of public attitudes reflective of punitiveness is impeded by the undefined nature of the global public. In the context of international criminal justice, punitiveness reflected in public attitudes may be most easily researched in relation to crime victims. Even among this group, however, difficulties may arise in differentiating not only between victims and nonvictims but also between degrees and categories of victims, given the collective character of international conflicts. 44 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Criminal justice agencies; International criminal tribunals; International law; International organizations; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Punishment; Research methods; Sentencing/Sanctions; Victim attitudes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.