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NCJ Number: 222568 Find in a Library
Title: Criterion Validity of Self-Reported Drug Use Among Alaska Native and Non-Native Arrestees in Anchorage, Alaska
Journal: Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society  Volume:21  Issue:1  Dated:March 208  Pages:49-60
Author(s): Darryl S. Wood
Date Published: March 2008
Page Count: 12
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To provide a reconsideration of a cultural explanation of Alaska Native overrepresentation, this study examined the validity of the argument that Alaska Natives processed by the criminal justice system are more likely to receive imprisonment because their cultural ethic of always telling the truth makes them more likely to provide incriminating evidence when interrogated and to offer guilty pleas when arraigned.
Abstract: The analyses showed virtually no differences in the honesty of the two groups. It appears that non-Natives are just as likely as Alaska Natives to tell the truth. As such, at least one aspect of the cultural conflict explanation of the disproportional rate of Alaska Native imprisonment is called into question. It is suggested that the consequences of the concentrated disadvantage that is characteristic of the village and urban environments where most Alaska Natives reside be considered when examining why Alaska Natives are so much more likely to become enmeshed in the criminal justice system. Alaska Natives’ culturally based propensity toward truth-telling is said to result in overrepresentation in prison due to it being thought that Alaska Natives are more likely to confess when interrogated. Using data obtained for the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program, this study considered the assertion that Alaska Natives are more truthful than non-Natives. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Incarceration
Index Term(s): Alaska; Confessions; Firearms identification; Self reported crimes
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