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NCJ Number: 222632 Find in a Library
Title: In-School Victimization: Reflection of a Researcher
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:24  Issue:2  Dated:May 2008  Pages:114-124
Author(s): Finn-Aage Esbensen
Date Published: May 2008
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the art of conducting school-based research.
Abstract: Findings suggest that that although there is a considerable body of knowledge with respect to correlates on school victimization, little is known about actual causes and consequences. Current programs and policies are informed largely by these correlates without knowledge of their being real causes, effects, or simply co-occurrences. A good deal of the lack of knowledge can be addressed through improvements in school-based research. The safety of American schools from the perspective gained over the past 20 years shows that school victimization rates have been, at worst, stable. The amount of victimization experienced at school relative to outside the school must be considered. Estimates demonstrate that although students spend 18 percent of their waking hours in school, they experience a disproportionate amount of victimization at school; 37 percent of violent crime and 81 percent of thefts occur on school property. The congregation of all students in the same place increases the opportunities for interaction and subsequent victimization. The most common forms of victimization are minor theft and bullying; yet policies most likely to be enacted are in response to highly publicized school shootings. Largely ignored are efforts to reduce theft and bullying. Implementing programs and policies appears to be the weakest link; the three strongest predictors of program quality and extensiveness of prevention activity were organizational support (training, supervision, principal support); program structure (manuals, implementation standards, quality control mechanism); and integration with normal school operations, local initiatives, local planning, and local information use. Recommendations for promoting better understanding of school victimizations are detailed. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders; School influences on crime; School security
Index Term(s): Bullying; Victimization; Victimization risk
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