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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 222656 Find in a Library
Title: Comparative Study of the Cognitive Sequelae of School-Aged Victims of Shaken Baby Syndrome
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:32  Issue:3  Dated:March 2008  Pages:415-428
Author(s): Annie Stipanicic; Pierre Nolin; Gilles Fortin; Marie-France Gobeil
Date Published: March 2008
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated the cognitive dysfunctions that are particular to shaken baby syndrome (SBS) victims once they are school-aged.
Abstract: Results showed that nearly half of victims examined went from an apparently normal state of health to abnormality within a period of between 6 months and 5 years. SBS children showed an intellectual performance that was significantly lower than the control children. The children in the clinical group were in the low-average range, whereas the subjects in the control group were in the average range; children with a history of maltreatment or, more specifically, inflicted brain injury seemed to have poorer intellectual performance. The children in the clinical group did poorly on verbal tests where complex cognitive functions, such as working memory or more specifically the central executive were called upon simultaneously. Overall, the children and the clinical group showed significant weaknesses in comparison with their healthy peers for intellectual performance, working memory, shared attention, reasoning, mental organization/planning, and mental alternation and inhibition, particularly in verbal mode. These skills should be grouped under the term “executive functions,” which are directly linked to the integrity of the frontal lobes. These skills appeared to be deficient in SBS victims to the point of apparently having an impact on our global intellectual performance and their ability to memorize. Data were collected from medical files of 22 child victims of nonaccidental brain injury age 0 through 36 months who were admitted to a pediatric hospital in Québec, Canada; tests were developed and administered to assess the children's main cognitive functions. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Canada; Cognitive developmental theory; Injury investigations
Index Term(s): Abused-nonabused child comparisons; Child development; Neurological disorders
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