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NCJ Number: 227739 Find in a Library
Title: Do Fairness and Equity Matter?: An Examination of Organizational Justice Among Correctional Officers in Adult Prisons
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:36  Issue:7  Dated:July 2009  Pages:695-711
Author(s): Faye S. Taxman; Jill A. Gordon
Date Published: July 2009
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Contract Number: NIDA U01 DA 16213
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined factors that affect organizational justice, particularly as it relates to the work environment among correctional officers.
Abstract: The study examined hypotheses regarding how perception of fairness affects organizational climate, commitment to goals, job stress, and officers' assessment of supervisory leadership and safety within the prison walls. The study found that the organizational justice hypotheses were supported. Results found consistent support of both organizational justice dimensions as leading predictors of job stress and variants of organization commitment (climate for learning and type of organizational climate). In addition, procedural justice is dependably related to individual perceptions of fear and perceived risk of inmate/officer victimization. The study demonstrated the importance of assessing the level of organizational justice within the prison environment. The largest lesson learned is that the general notion of treating others with respect is a core factor in creating a positive environment to move an organization forward. This study adds to a small body of literature on how organizational justice affects organizational change, culture, and commitment, as well as the correctional officer's perception of risk and fear in the workplace. Data were collected from 1,231 correctional line staff across one State's prison institutions. Tables, appendix, and references
Main Term(s): Corrections management; Environmental influences
Index Term(s): Attitudes toward authority; Correctional organization; Employer attitudes; Organization development; Organization studies; Training attitudes; Work attitudes; Work loads; Workplace
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